今天配置awstats,awstats创建出的文件目录在/home/awstats下,在nginx中加入配置后狂报404,发现还是忽略了root和alias的区别,特将修改配置记录如下:
1.失败:server {
server_name  test.com;
charset utf-8,GB2312;
index  index.html;
        location / {
root html;
access_log logs/access.log main;
}
        location ~ ^/awstats/ {
root  /home/awstats/;
index  index.html;
access_log off;
error_log off;
charset gb2312;
}
2.失败: server {
server_name  test.com;
charset utf-8,GB2312;
index  index.html;
        location / {
root html;
access_log logs/access.log main;
}
        location ~ ^/awstats/ {
alias  /home/;
index  index.html;
access_log off;
error_log off;
charset gb2312;
}
3.成功: server {
server_name  test.com;
charset utf-8,GB2312;
index  index.html;
        location / {
root html;
access_log logs/access.log main;
}
        location ~ ^/awstats/ {
alias  /home/awstats/;
index  index.html;
access_log off;
error_log off;
charset gb2312;
}
4.成功: server {
server_name  test.com;
charset utf-8,GB2312;
index  index.html;
        location / {
root html;
access_log logs/access.log main;
}
        location ~ ^/awstats/ {
root  /home/;
index  index.html;
access_log off;
error_log off;
charset gb2312;
}
从以上例子很明显看出,还是对root和alias的概念搞混了~
1.      location ~ ^/awstats/ {
root  /home/awstats/;
访问: http://test.com/awstats/ 实际访问的是/home/awstats/awstats/
2.      location ~ ^/awstats/ {
alias  /home/
访问: http://test.com/awstats/ 实际访问的是/home/
3.      location ~ ^/awstats/ {                        #使用alias时目录名后面一定要加“/”
alias  /home/awstats/;
访问: http://test.com/awstats/ 实际访问的是/home/awstats/
4.      location ~ ^/awstats/ {
root  /home/;

访问: http://test.com/awstats/ 实际访问的是/home/awstats/
借用ayou老师的一句话:
一般情况下,在location /中配置root,在location /other中配置alias是一个好习惯

源文:http://my.oschina.net/aiguozhe/blog/115510